The ATHAR Project is comprised of "experts digging into the digital underworld of transnational trafficking, terrorism financing, and organized crime." The project was formed in part in response to conflicts like the on-going war in Syria and the unrest of the Arab Spring, which ISIL and low-level thieves take advantage of. The chaos and destruction of Syria's civil war has resulted in the mass looting of precious antiquities, as well as the all-out destruction of some of humanity's greatest historic sites.
Facebook says they shut down forty-nine groups selling antiquities last year, but the notoriously unregulated site struggles to stop all illicit activity.
The ATHAR Project recently shared videos taken from Facebook showing thieves at work, who may risk their lives to excavate buried sites.