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Brutalism, primarily an architectural movement that flourished from the 1950s to the mid-1970s, is characterized by its bold, stark, and often monolithic forms, usually employing raw concrete as its primary material. The term originates from the French "béton brut," meaning raw concrete, and was popularized by British architects Alison and Peter Smithson. Brutalism represented a departure from the ornamental styles of the past, favoring functionality and simplicity. This style reflected post-war austerity, a reaction to the ornate buildings of the past, and an embrace of modernist principles.

In architectural history, Brutalist buildings are often seen as symbols of progressive social ideals, as many were used for public housing, institutions, and civic buildings. Key examples include the Barbican Estate in London and the Unité d'Habitation in Marseille by Le Corbusier.

In contemporary art and architecture, Brutalism has seen a resurgence, often nostalgically revered for its bold and unapologetic aesthetic. It's also recognized for its honest expression of materials and structural forms.

Art collectors might be drawn to Brutalist art and architecture for its historical significance, architectural importance, and unique aesthetic. Brutalist works, especially in sculpture and photography, can offer a striking visual statement. Collecting Brutalist art can also be a reflection of an interest in post-war history and a minimalist, raw aesthetic. Brutalism, with its emphasis on materials and forms, offers a distinct contrast to more traditional, decorative styles, appealing to collectors who appreciate the power and simplicity of this unique style.
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